Connecticut, United States

About Connecticut

Connecticut is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. The state borders Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and because various islands of New York span Connecticut's entire coast, New York as well to the south. Southwestern Connecticut is part of the New York metropolitan area, and three of Connecticut's eight counties—including the majority of the state's population—are in the New York City combined statistical area, commonly referred to as the Tri-State Region. The center of population of the state is in Cheshire, New Haven County. Connecticut is the 29th most populous state, with 3.4 million residents, and is ranked 48th in size by area, making it the 4th most densely populated state.

Connecticut Tourism and Recreation

Connecticut, an easy drive from New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and eastern Pennsylvania for day and weekend trips, is the picturesque southern gateway to New England. The northwestern part of the Nutmeg State – the Litchfield Hills – is rich with rolling landscapes, dainty villages centered upon town greens, lots of hiking and bicycling trails, and many antique shops.

Popular tourist attractions include the Mystic Seaport restoration and its aquarium, the Mark Twain House and state capitol in Hartford, the American Clock and Watch Museum in Bristol, the Lock Museum of America in Terryville, and the Yale campus in New Haven. Outstanding events are the Harvard–Yale regatta held each June on the Thames River in New London, and about 50 fairs held in Guilford and other towns between June and October.

Connecticut Climate

The pertinent characteristics of Connecticut’s climate are equable distribution of precipitation among the four seasons, large ranges of temperature both daily and annually, great differences in the same season or month of different years, and considerable diversity of the weather over short periods of time. Connecticut lies in the “prevailing westerly,” the belt of generally eastward air movement which encircles the globe in middle latitudes. A large number of storm centers and air-mass fronts pass near or over Connecticut during a year. Because the flow of air is usually from continental areas, Connecticut is more influenced by the first two types than it is by the third. The third type of air is often associated with severe winter storms popularly known as “northeasters”. There is a difference of about 6 °F. in mean annual temperature from north to south of the State. The greater contrast of temperature occurs during the winter season. The number of days with minimum temperatures of zero or below average about 10 per year at the higher elevations, about five in the lower uplands and central valley, and two or less along the shore of Long Island Sound. Summer temperatures are comparatively uniform over the State. Over most of the State the average July minimum temperature is within a degree or two of 60 °F.

. Precipitation tends to become evenly distributed throughout the year in all parts of Connecticut. Variations in precipitation from month to month are sometimes extreme. Prolonged droughts and widespread floods are infrequent.Measurable precipitation falls on an average of one day in three, with the yearly total approximating 120 days.

Connecticut Transportaion

Between New Haven and the New York City, I-95 is one of the most congested highways in the United States. Many people now drive longer distances to work in the New York City area. This strains the three lanes of traffic capacity, resulting in lengthy rush hour delays. Frequently, the congestion spills over to clog the parallel Merritt Parkway.

Southwestern Connecticut is served by MTA's Metro-North Railroad New Haven Line, providing commuter service to New York City and New Haven, with branches servicing New Canaan, Danbury, and Waterbury. Connecticut lies along Amtrak's Northeast Corridor which features frequent Northeast Regional and Acela Express service. Towns between New Haven and New London are also served by the Shore Line East commuter line.

Bradley International Airport is located in Windsor Locks, 15 miles north of Hartford. Regional air service is provided at Tweed New Haven Regional Airport. Larger civil airports include Danbury Municipal Airport and Waterbury-Oxford Airport in western Connecticut. Sikorsky Memorial Airport is located in Stratford and mostly services cargo, helicopter and private aviation. The Westchester County Airport in Harrison, New York serves much of southwestern Connecticut.