Georgia, United States

About Georgia

Georgia is known as the Peach State and the Empire State of the South. Atlanta is the capital and the most populous city. Georgia is bordered on the south by Florida; on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina; on the west by Alabama and by Florida in the south; and on the north by Tennessee and North Carolina. The northern part of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, a mountain range in the vast Appalachian Mountains system. The central piedmont extends from the foothills to the fall line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the continental coastal plain of the southern part of the state. The highest point in Georgia is Brasstown Bald, 4,784 feet (1,458 m); the lowest point is sea level. Georgia is ranked 24th in size among the 50 U.S. states. Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River in terms of land area, although it is the fourth largest in total area.

Georgia Tourism and Recreation

Major tourist attractions include national forests, national parks, state parks, and historic areas. Other places of interest include the impressive hotels and convention facilities of downtown Atlanta; the Okefenokee Swamp in southern Georgia; Stone Mountain near Atlanta; former President Jimmy Carter's home in Plains; the birthplace, church, and gravesite of Martin Luther King, Jr., in Atlanta; and the historic squares and riverfront of Savannah.The varied attractions of the Golden Isles include fashionable Sea Island; primitive Cumberland Island, now a national seashore; and Jekyll Island, owned by the state and leased to motel operators and to private citizens for beach homes.

Georgia Climate

Georgia enjoys mild temperatures all year round due to its latitude and proximity to the warm water of the Gulf of Mexico. While there is minimal snowfall in the northern part of the state, average monthly temperatures in the summer range from 27°-35° Celsius.

The climate in Georgia is pleasant and consistently mild, with features typical of a southern climate. Summers can be hot and humid, though are usually not unbearable, and across the state, temperatures range between 77°F and 84°F (25-29°C). Winter temperatures are usually much lower, the highest being in the mid-40s Fahrenheit (about 4°C) on average, though snow is very rare, other than in the northern mountainous areas. The coastal areas tend to be much warmer.

Georgia Transportaion

Georgia's major Interstate Highways are I-75 and I-85. Other important interstate highways are I-95, I-20, I-16, I-59 and I-24. I-285 is Atlanta, Georgia's perimeter route and I-575 connects with counties in north Georgia on I-75. Major freight railroads in Georgia include CSX and Norfolk Southern Railway. Passenger service in Georgia is available on two Amtrak routes: the Crescent, which runs from New York to Washington, D.C., through north Georgia and Atlanta to New Orléans and the other runs from New York to the Georgia coast and from there to Florida.

Georgia's principal airport is Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL), the world's busiest passenger airport. Georgia has 107 public-use airports, 9 of which are commercial-aviation airports and 98 which are general-aviation airports. Two of the state's important airports are Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport, which serves over 1,700,000 passengers each year and DeKalb-Peachtree Airport in Chamblee, Georgia.