Vermont, United States

About Vermont

Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The only New England state with no coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, Vermont is notable for Lake Champlain (which makes up 50% of Vermont's western border) and the Green Mountains, which run north to south. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. The state capital is Montpelier, and the largest city and metropolitan area is Burlington. No other state has a largest city as small as Burlington, or a capital city as small as Montpelier. These include Mount Mansfield, the highest mountain in the state; Killington Peak, the second-highest; Camel's Hump, the state's third-highest; and Mount Abraham, the fifth-highest peak. About 77% of the state is covered by forest; the rest is covered in meadow, uplands, lakes, ponds, and swampy wetlands. Areas in Vermont administered by the National Park Service include the Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park (in Woodstock) and the Appalachian National Scenic Trail.

Vermont Tourism and Recreation

Summer and fall are the most popular seasons for visitors. Fall foliage trips account for about 28% of all travel. In the winter, the state's ski areas offer some of the finest skiing in the East. About 11,000 Vermonters work at a Vermont ski area. There are 52 state parks and over 100 campgrounds in the state. Historical sites, including several Revolutionary War battlefields, are popular attractions and shopping, particularly for Vermont made products such as maple syrup, is a major activity for all visitors.

Vermont Climate

Like other New England states, the climate of Vermont can be described as changeable; with a large range of diurnal and annual temperatures; great differences between the same seasons in different years; and considerable diversity from place to place. Factors such as elevational differences, terrain variations and distance from water bodies like Lake Champlain and the Atlantic Ocean, have led to three climatological divisions across the state (Western, Northeastern and Southeastern).

Average temperatures vary according to factors like the elevation, slope and local features such as urbanization. As of 1994, the lowest temperature on record was -50 F on December 30, 1933 at Bloomfield (elevation 915 feet). Summer temperatures tend to be uniform across the state. The frequency of days during which the maximum reaches at least 90 F varies with location and from year to year. Such high daytime readings can be followed by nighttime temperatures of 60 F or lower. The average daily temperature range is 20 -30 F, with more variation observed in the southern parts of the state than the north. Winter temperatures vary more than their summer counterparts from one place to the next. The daily temperature range of about 20 F is much less than the summer range. Many locations experience sub-zero days on a regular basis.

Vermont Transportaion

Vermont's main mode of travel is by automobile. Individual communities and counties have public transit, but their breadth of coverage is frequently limited. Greyhound Lines services a number of small towns. Two Amtrak trains serve Vermont.

The state is served by Amtrak's Vermonter,[clarification needed] the New England Central Railroad, the Vermont Railway, and the Green Mountain Railroad. The Ethan Allen Express serves Rutland and Fair Haven, while the Vermonter serves Saint Albans, Essex Junction, Waterbury, Montpelier, Randolph, White River Junction, Windsor, Bellows Falls and Brattleboro.